The walnut family includes several other nut producers such as pecan and hickory, but the Persian walnut, or Juglans Regia, constitutes one of the major crops in the world. It was first introduced to the UK by the Romans and became the wood of choice during the 17th century. It was later replaced by Mahogany, from Central America, who’s popularity increased even more after the harsh winter of 1907 which killed off a vast amount of walnut trees across Europe.
The dark colour of walnut is achieved through the steaming process when seasoning the wood to make the colour more uniform between the heartwood and sapwood.
Good (when sourced appropriately). Stable population, IUCN species of least concern.
HABITAT AND ECOLOGY
The leaves are the food plant for caterpillars and a number of micro moths. The nuts are eaten by mammals, including mice and squirrels.
Very durable against rot and decay, easy to work, polishable to a silky sheen. Deep, fascinating grain figure.
North America, Europe, Asia
Food (nuts), furniture